Türkmenistanyň Kärdeşler


The textile industry with a very strong production infrastructure and abundant raw materials takes a leading place in the strategy for economic diversification and modernisation implemented on the initiative of the highly esteemed President of Turkmenistan. The export potential of Turkmenistan’s textile industry is increasing as the demand for cotton products is growing around the world.

In Turkmenistan that specialises in cotton production, processing raw cotton into high-quality and eco-friendly products is one of the key areas of the development of the industrial sector. In recent years, state investments have allowed to build new factories and modernise the existing cotton ginneries.

Today, the profound export opportunities of Turkmen textile workers are based on the tremendous transformations in the national light industry that have taken place over the past 20 years. In the early years of independence, Turkmen enterprises were able to process only a small portion of raw cotton; today, Turkmen enterprises process the total quantity of raw cotton from generous cotton crops coming from agricultural lands. The final products are a wide range of yarn and fabrics and a huge assortment of finished products. The production of a great variety of fabrics gave a powerful impetus to developing the sewing and knitting sectors of the national textile industry and flood the domestic market with domestically produced beautiful and high-quality goods that successfully substitute imports. A substantial increase in apparel production became possible due to the reconstruction of the major clothing factories throughout the country.

An important factor contributing to the balanced development of all sectors of the industry was the implementation of the import substitution programme that provides for the construction of new industrial enterprises and the re-profiling of existing ones. The fulfilment of this task enabled to significantly reduce imports through manufacturing a wide range of high-quality goods at an affordable price. Significant investments in the construction of high-tech enterprises in collaboration with foreign partners enabled to supply a wide variety of products, able to complete with the goods from foreign producers, to the domestic and foreign markets.

Today, modernised production facilities of the industry, about a hundred large production complexes, cotton spinning, weaving, knitting and silk factories, manufacture hundreds of thousands of tonnes of cotton yarn and hundreds of millions of square metres of fabrics, which significantly exceed domestic needs. The largest portion of textile products made in Turkmenistan makes up a significant share of national exports, attracting foreign consumers with environmental friendliness and high technological quality. The industrial enterprises that manufacture the goods, which have never been produced in the country before, are to serve the aims of enhancing the export potential of Turkmenistan’s textile industry.

For example, the textile waste recycling department with an annual capacity of 5,000 tonnes of regenerated cotton fibre has been opened at the Ashgabat textile complex. In the near future, the new production line will allow launching the production of goods which are in great demand in a number of foreign countries. The development of the textile industry renovation programme has begun. The infrastructure of new industrial enterprises is to ensure the high competitiveness of our products in foreign markets.

The promising areas of activities of Turkmen textile workers include the exploration of markets of such major economic partners as the United Kingdom, Georgia, Turkey, Russia, Canada, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Iran, the United States, the United Arab Emirates and EU countries. Over the past few years, our partnership dialogue with the industrial and trade organisations and business companies of those countries has intensified significantly. The task-oriented activities of the bilateral intergovernmental commissions on trade and economic cooperation has laid the groundwork for direct partnerships between business entities. Our business partners are interested in a wide range of Turkmen textile products: cotton yarn, harsh and printed fabrics, hosiery, apparel and knitwear, bedding and home textiles.

The foundation of the Turkmentekstil trading houses in foreign countries that are specialised in selling national textile products and rendering consulting services to business entities interested in establishing direct trade and economic relations with foreign partners has significantly contributed to strengthening the positions of Turkmen textile workers in foreign markets. The foundation of this kind of structure was necessitated by the keen interest of relevant foreign enterprises in cooperation.

Turkmen textile products receive increasingly glowing customer reviews with every passing day. The goods labelled “Made in Turkmenistan” are not lying down on the shelves of shopping centres in different countries of the world. Underwear and terry towels, tracksuits and T-shirts, jeans and shirts, bedding and socks… High quality, good consumer properties and affordable prices are the best way to build trust and confidence among the customers. This means that the products of Turkmen textile workers are ready to settle on the foreign market in earnest and for a long time. The textile factories, put into operation over the past few years, are supplied with equipment from the leading companies, in particular Rieter, Benninger (Switzerland), Trützschler, Schlafhorst, Zinser, Monforst and Küsters (Germany), Marzoli, Mario Crosta, Reggiani, Arioli and Savio (Italy), Picanol (Belgium), Tsudakoma, Juki and Muratec (Japan) with the capacity to process thousands of tonnes of cotton fibre annually and produce goods which are in great demand in the markets. Their spinning, drawing and carding machines, modern units and mechanisms are characterised by high performance and energy efficiency.

In accordance with the Socioeconomic Development Programme of the President of Turkmenistan and the tasks of enhancing exports set before the textile industry, a new modern industrial facility in the Babadayhan etrap, Ahal velayat is under construction. In accordance with the Resolution of the President of Turkmenistan, the large industrial facility designed to process 5,000 tonnes of fine staple cotton will annually produce 3,300 tonnes of penye compact yarn, 20 million square metres of fabrics, including 18 million square metres of dyed fabrics, and 3.5 million of finished garments. The project of the textile enterprise provides for the full production cycle – from cotton processing to final products. This decision is another important step to implement the national economic development strategy aimed at largescale industry diversification, regional industrial development and the maximum use of local natural resources.

A textile complex in the Kaahka etrap, Ahal velayat with a capacity to process 5,000 tonnes of fine-stapled cotton that is the most valuable natural raw material for the production of in-demand high-quality textiles is under construction. Its annual production capacity is 3,650 tonnes of cotton yarn, 12 million square metres of high quality fabric, including 10 million square metres of dyed fabric, and 1.2 million of finished garments.

The commissioning of the new industry facilities with the full production cycle in the Kaahka and Babadayhan etraps, Ahal velayat will allow significantly widening the range of textile products, including those made of new types of fabrics from fine-stapled cotton that is rated highly on foreign markets. For example, cambric, gauze, percale, taffeta, guipure and other fabrics which are rated highly on the trading floors of the world textile industry are made of it.

The modernisation of the textile enterprises has significantly enhanced the export potential of the industry. Turkmen specialists have designed apparels from mixed fabrics and knitwear. Cooperation with well-known foreign companies contributes to the introduction of technological innovations that ensure the production of high-quality products able to compete on the world market. With the aim of implementing the national import substitution and export orientation programmes, the textile enterprises steadily widen the product range, increase the output of cotton textiles and silk products and develop the production of new types of clothing.

This year, the Ruhabat textile complex that produces uniform fabrics has significantly widened the product range with new types of floral print fabrics in trendy colours used in making outerwear for children and adults. This year, the Ruhabat textile complex that produces uniform fabrics has significantly widened the product range with new types of floral print fabrics in trendy colours used in making outerwear for children and adults.

A knitwear workshop fitted with high-tech equipment from the Japanese company Shima Seiki was put into operation at the Ashgabat Fashion House. Knitting machines manufacture trendy women’s jumpers that are in great consumer demand due to the high quality and affordable prices. The product range will be widened with trendy knitted apparel from wool and viscose yarn with the national decorative elements, including sweaters, cardigans and jackets.

The industrial enterprises that manufacture the goods, which have never been produced in our country before, contribute to enhancing the export potential of the textile industry. For example, the textile waste recycling department with an annual capacity of 5,000 tonnes of regenerated cotton fibre is opened at the Ashgabat textile complex. High-tech equipment allows transforming textile waste into products used in making mattresses, pillows or non-woven materials. Its design capacity is based on the total output of textile waste generated at all the textile enterprises in the country. The first-ever textile waste recycling line in Turkmenistan made it possible to significantly reduce raw materials costs and to develop the production of the goods which are in great demand in a number of foreign countries, including Turkey and China, among others. Today, Turkmen textiles are in growing demand in the world market due to the high quality, aesthetic and ergonomic properties, environmental friendliness, a wide choice of products and an effective marketing strategy.


Batyr BERDIYEV, Head at the Department of Study of Commodity Circulation at External Markets, a member of the trade union, Ministry of Trade and Foreign Economic Relations of Turkmenistan.


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