Türkmenistanyň Kärdeşler


Consistently emphasising the importance of the spiritual and moral upbringing of modern youth, the leader of the nation Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov urges to rely upon the rich historical and cultural heritage of the Turkmen people and inexhaustible resources of folk pedagogy, in which knowledge, skills and abilities, tested by practice and passed from one generation to another are combined. This, in turn, requires the widespread use of folk traditions and customs in family upbringing, which will have a beneficial efect on the formation of high patriotism, a sense of self-awareness, honour and dignity in young people.

We can find the very first ideas of national upbringing in the wise teachings of our ancient forefather Oguz Khan, who paid special atention to the formation of the best traits of national character in his six sons and numerous grandchildren: kindness, mercy, diligence, hospitality and patriotism. So, calling for kindness, Oguz Khan taught, “Honour the old as father and the young as brothers.” In everyday life, the forefather of the Turkmen taught to do good, “Visit the sick person, bid farewell to the deceased”, “Do not pass a person without greeting and say a good word to him.” The historical and cultural monument of global significance - the epic Gorkut Ata names three main pillars that support the life of the Turkmen society: the country, its leader and family. None of these pillars should be weaker than the others. Each must be strong, powerful and support the other two. And a significant role here belongs to the family, for the kindred feelings that unite its members do not lose their great importance throughout human life. Love and support are especially necessary for children, as they give them a sense of confidence and security, which is important for their harmonious development. It is not by chance that our people created so many proverbs and sayings about family: “The soil is dead without water, a person without a family is a barren flower”, “A tree is supported by its roots and a person is supported by their family”, “Goodness does not flow around the world, but lives as a family”, “Where the family is happy, the children are well raised”, “A happy family is not afected by grief”, “With disagreement in the family, you are not happy at home”, “A family without children is like a flower without an odour”, “Family harmony is the most precious thing” and others. For every nation, family always remains the main spiritual pillar and keeper of values, culture and historical continuity of generations. An ancient oriental wisdom says, “The state is a big family and a family is a small state and it rests on love.” It is here that a person acquires creative and spiritual strength and feels the happiness of motherhood and fatherhood to full extent. The pedagogical thoughts of our ancestors and their spiritual and moral views remain topical today. Moreover, they have been further developed in the works of the leader of the nation Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, in particular, in his book Worshipping Mother – Worshipping a Sacred Person. Its very title carries a deep meaning, as it tells about such eternal values as the Motherland, hearth and family and about the foundations of the relationships between parents and children. Our Arkadag has shown with specific examples that the most important things in life are family, home, children and a feeling of love for them. It is from the family that a person’s life begins and the formation as a citizen takes place. Family is a source of love, respect, solidarity and afection, on which any civilised society is built and without which a person cannot exist. Family wellbeing is the measure of the development and progress of our country. We habitually use the collocation “family values” in our conversations, but its meaning we understand in diferent ways. It is really difcult to give a definition, probably, family values are what is important for a single family, that necessary “cement” that unites a group of people with a similar genetic code into a friendly community. It turns out that in every family the main thing is something of their own. At the same time, reminding about the true family values, I would like to note that respect for others, self-confidence and an ability to overcome various difculties in life – all this are learnt in our families. And what qualities our parents and grandparents instilled in us largely determine our future attude to the world. Seeing the example of parents, how they behave in society and interact with each other, a child gets used to such a model of behaviour. Therefore, it is so important for each person to revere the main family values, to maintain traditions of their ancestors and to establish their own. Ref­lecting on issues of strengthening the institution of family and increasing its prestige, you realise more deeply the need for the widespread propaganda of family and moral traditions of the Turkmen people, which have always been and remain the basis of our society and our culture. We need to promote with afordable means a positive image of family, including that with many children. It was from time immemorial among all peoples who measured the wealth of a particular person by the presence of children. And yet, no mater how diferent people are, the foundation on which a prosperous family is built is the same for everyone. And its components are not so many: historical memory about ancestors, love and loyalty, mutual assistance and responsibility, diligence and respect for elders. In conclusion, I would like to note that for children a family is practically the whole world. Family values and traditions in the first years of their life are the main source of knowledge not only about the physical world, but also about the world of feelings. Everything that children learn in their family becomes the basis of their worldview. Happy families are a source of a healthy society, which is why it is so important to remember and follow the traditions of folk pedagogy that brought up worthy generations of the Turkmen people.


Jumanazar KARAJAYEV, a political scientist at the National Trade Union Centre of Turkmenistan.


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